Research Infrastructures

Environmental Research Infrastructures

Current community brings together 26 European Research Infrastructures, which are organized in four Earth system domains, some of them being of a multi-domain character. Fourteen Research Infrastructures are listed on the ESFRI Roadmap.

The environmental research infrastructures are providing high-quality, open and FAIR in situ data.

  • Terrestrial ecosystem and biodiversity research infrastructures provide data from the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems as well as the species living in them
  • Atmospheric research infrastructures collect data from the Earth’s atmosphere – from the lower troposphere up to the magnetosphere using the ground-based as well as airborne instruments
  • Marine research infrastructures explore the oceans and produce the data from the bottom of the sea up to its surface
  • Solid Earth research infrastructure is concerned with the internal structure and dynamics of planet Earth, from the inner core to the Earth’s surface
  • None of these sub-systems is bounded and many research infrastructures are Multi-domain, studying the phenomena across them

COORDINATED LOND-TERM OBSERVATIONS OF ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOLS, CLOUDS, AND TRACE GASES IN EUROPE

Key words
Atmospheric aerosols, clouds, trace gases, air quality, climate change
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.actris.eu


ACTRIS is a European RI Project aiming at integrating European ground-based stations equipped with advanced atmospheric probing instrumentation for aerosols, clouds, and short-lived gas-phase species. ACTRIS has an essential role in building new knowledge as well as in policy issues on climate change, air Associated with document Ref. Ares(2018)5931584 - 20/11/2018 824068 ENVRI-FAIR – Part B 18 quality, and long-range transport of pollutants. ACTRIS was accepted for the ESFRI Roadmap in 2016 and has entered its Preparation Phase. Coordinating institution: FMI, Finland; Coordinator: Sanna Sorvari Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: FMI, CNR, CNRS, NILU, UHEL

FOSTERING ECOSYSTEM SCIENCE THROUGH SERVICES TO RESEARCHERS AND STAKEHOLDERS

Key words
Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, global changes, food security, ecosystem services, bioeconomy
Domain
Terrestrial ecosystem / Biodiversity
Website
www.anaee.com


AnaEE is a RI for experimental manipulation of managed and unmanaged terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. It support scientists in their analysis, assessment and forecasting of the impact of climate and other global changes on the services that ecosystems provide to society. AnaEE supports European scientists and policymakers to develop solutions to food security and environmental sustainability, with stimulating the growth of bioeconomy. AnaEE's building blocks in natura and in vitro experimental platforms equipped with the latest technology and sophisticated analytical and modelling platforms coupled to observation sites that will provide indispensable calibration and validation of datasets throughout Europe. Coordinating institution: INRA, France; Coordinators: Michel Boër (INRA) Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: INRA, CREA

NETWORK OF LEADING EUROPEAN AQUATIC MESOCOSM FACILITIES CONNECTING MOUNTAINS TO OCEANS FROM THE ARCTIC TO THE MEDITERRANEAN

Key words
Transnational Access, Networking, Joint Research
Domain
Multi-domain (Marine & Freshwater)
Website
www.sios-svalbard.org
Contact information
www.aquacosm.eu


The only network offering access to a full range of European freshwater and marine experimental mesocosm facilities including streams, ponds, lakes, estuaries and oceans. AQUACOSM will fund 10 500 Transnational user days to 37 advanced facilities.

This is a unique opportunity to study ecosystem processes and effects of stressors in a range of aquatic systems in collaboration with European science teams with decades of experience of successful large-scale experiments.

A UNIQUE RESEARCH AND DATA PLATFORM TO ELUCIDATE ATMOSPHERIC DYNAMICS FROM THE STRATOSPHERE TO THE LOWER THERMOSPHERE

Key words
Atmospheric Dynamics, Middle Atmosphere, Model uncertainties, Weather predictions, Extreme events, Volcanic eruptions

Domain
Atmosphere
Website
http://arise-project.eu
Contact information
elisabeth.blanc@cea.fr


ARISE (http://arise-project.eu) combines complementary observations – infrasound technology, lidars, radars, ionospheric sounders and satellites – with modeling for a better description of the dynamics from the stratosphere to the lower thermosphere where observations are rare. The objective is to determine the effects of poorly resolved disturbances – such as sudden stratospheric warming events, gravity and planetary waves – on uncertainties in weather and climate models.

Expected impacts:
– Improvement of weather forecasting to monthly and seasonal scales
– Remote volcano monitoring (non instrumented volcanoes); aviation security
– Evolution of extreme events with climate change.

International Centre for Advanced Studies on River-Sea Systems

Key words
River-Sea Systems, Estuarine, Delta, Coast, Interdisciplinarity Freshwater, Marine, Research
Domain
River, Marine, Multi
Website
www.danubius-pp.eu


DANUBIUS-RI will be a pan-European distributed research infrastructure supporting interdisciplinary research on large river-sea systems. It will fill the gap, drawing on existing research excellence across Europe, enhancing the impact of European research while maximising the return on investment. It will provide access to a range of European river-sea systems, facilities and expertise; a ‘one-stop shop’ for knowledge exchange in managing river-sea systems; access to harmonised data; and a platform for interdisciplinary research, inspiration, education and training. The RI will comprise a Hub and a Data Centre in Romania, a Technology Transfer Office in Ireland, and Supersites and Nodes across Europe. This structure will enable DANUBIUS-RI to build on existing expertise and synergies to support world-leading interdisciplinary research and innovation in freshwater-marine research. Coordinating Institution: GEOECOMAR, Romania; Coordinators: Adrian Stanica, Michael Schultz Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: GEOECOMAR, INSB, USTIR, CNR

The Distributed System of Scientific Collections

Key words
Natural science, collections, global biodiversity
Domain
Terrestrial ecosystem / Biodiversity
Website
www.dissco.eu


DiSSCo is a new pan-European Research Infrastructure initiative of 21 European countries (114 selfsustainable collection-holding organisations) with a mission to transform a fragmented landscape of natural science collections into a coherent pan-European RI providing bio- and geo-diversity data at the scale, form and precision required in the areas of biodiversity discovery, climate change, food security, one health and the bioeconomy. DiSSCo represents the largest ever formal agreement between natural science collections globally. It directly addresses the identified gaps in the current landscape of Environmental RIs related to robust and consistent data provision of biodiversity and geodiversity as reference information for end users and other RIs. DiSSCo has applied for inclusion to the ESFRI Roadmap 2018. Coordinating institution: Naturalis, Netherlands; Coordinator: Dimitris Koureas Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: NATURALIS, CETAF

A NEXT GENERATION RESEARCH RADAR FOR THE POLAR UPPER ATMOSPHERE

Key words
Atmosphere, ionosphere, space weather, radar
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.eiscat3d.se


EISCAT_3D is a multi-static phased array radar system dedicated to observations of the Earth’s polar atmosphere above the northern Scandinavian Peninsula. The project is run by EISCAT Scientific Association an existing international research infrastructure that is currently funded and operated by research councils and funding organizations in Norway, Sweden, Finland, Japan, China and the United Kingdom and has its headquarters in Kiruna, Sweden. The ESFRI selected EISCAT_3D for inclusion in the Roadmap 2008 for Large-Scale European Research Infrastructures. Coordinating institution: EISCAT Scientific Association, Sweden; Coordinator: Craig Heinselman Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: EISCAT_3D

SUPPORTING MARINE ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH

Key words
marine biology, marine ecology, climate change, ecosystems, marine organisms, biology
Domain
Multi-domain (Marine and biodiversity)
Website
www.embrc.eu
Contact information
secretariat@embrc.eu


EMBRC supports all biological research of the marine environment, its biodiversity, and their interactions through access to marine biological resources and experimental systems.

EMBRC Services: Biological resources, ecosystem access, experimental facilities, technology platforms, expert advice, supporting facilities, training and education, long-term ecological data.

European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory

Key words
long-term in situ ocean observations, climate change, marine ecosystems, geo-hazards
Domain
Marine, multi-domain
Website
www.emso.eu


EMSO is a large-scale European ESFRI RI for strategically placed, deep sea observatories with the essential scientific objective of real-time, long-term monitoring of environmental processes related to the interaction between the geosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere. It is a geographically distributed infrastructure composed of several deep-seafloor and water-column observatories, which is deployed at key sites in European waters, spanning from the Arctic, through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. EMSO is the sub-sea segment of the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security COPERNICUS initiative and significantly enhances the observational marine capabilities of European member states. EMSO ERIC has been established in January 2017. Coordinating institution: EMSO ERIC, Italy; Coordinator: Juan Jose Dañobeitia Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: EMSO ERIC

EUROPEAN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PLANT PHENOTYPING

Key words
Plant phenotyping, agriculture, food production, climate change
Domain
Terrestrial Ecosystem
Website
https://emphasis.plant-phenotyping.eu/

Contact information
emphasis@fz-julich.de


EMPHASIS is a distributed research infrastructure for multi-scale plant phenomics and simulation. We want to enable scientists to improve plant production in order to secure future food supplies and agricultural business in Europe in a changing climate. EMPHASIS will develop and provide access to facilities and services that address multi-scale plant phenotyping in different agro-climatic scenarios in Europe.

EMPHASIS aims to address the technological and organisational limits of European plant phenotyping to make the most of genetic and genomic resources available and essential for crop improvement in times of a changing climate.

European Plate Observing System

Key words
Solid Earth science, Plate Observing System
Domain
Solid Earth Science
Website
www.epos-ip.org


EPOS is a long-term plan to facilitate integrated use of data, models, and facilities from distributed research infrastructures for solid Earth science in Europe. With the goal of a better understanding of the active Earth system processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. EPOS aims to build an efficient and comprehensive research platform for the Earth sciences in Europe relying on new e-science opportunities through the construction of a distributed e-infrastructure (EPOS Core Services). EPOS will allow the Earth Science community to make a significant step forward by developing new concepts and tools for accurate, durable, and sustainable answers to societal questions concerning geo-hazards and those geodynamic phenomena (including georesources) relevant to the environment and human welfare. Coordinating institution: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Rome, Italy, Coordinator: Massimo Cocco Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: INGV, UKRI, CNRS, UiB, BRGM, KNMI, CNR

EUROPEAN FACILITY FOR AIRBORNE RESEARCH

Key words
Environmental sciences, Airborne research, Atmospheric measurements, Remote sensing
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.eufar.net
Contact information
bureau@eufar.net


EUFAR AISBL links the operators of research aircraft and their instrumentation, scientific users and funding agencies. It aims to enhance collaboration, spread best practice, promote efficiency and enhance user access to both the facilities and their data.

EUFAR services: Airborne measurement campaigns. Common data portal. Tools for data discovery and processing. Calibration standards and software for airborne measurements. INSPIRE-compliant metadata to aid inter-operability within the ENVRI community.

European Research Infrastructure Consortium for observing the Ocean

Key words
Ocean observing system, profiling float, physics, biogeochemistry
Domain
Marine
Website
www.euro-argo.eu


The objectives of the Euro-Argo ERIC are to optimize, sustain and improve the European contributions to Argo and to provide a world-class service to the research (ocean and climate) and operational oceanography (COPERNICUS Marine Service) communities. Euro-Argo also aims at preparing the next phase of Argo with an extension to deeper depths, biogeochemical parameters and observations of the polar regions. The Euro-Argo RI comprises a central facility and distributed national facilities. On May 2014, the EC awarded European legal status (ERIC) to the central facility. Euro-Argo aims at developing a capacity to procure, deploy and monitor one quarter of the global network (350 floats per year including the new phase of Argo to abyssal ocean, high latitudes, European marginal seas and biogeochemical parameters) and ensure that all the data can be processed and delivered to users (both in real-time and delayed-mode). Coordinating institution: EURO-ARGO ERIC, France; Coordinator: Sylvie Pouliquen Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: EURO-ARGO ERIC, IFREMER, UKRI-BODC

TOWARDS SUSTAINED OCEAN OBSERVATIONS AND FIT-FOR-PURPOSE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES FOR MARINE AND MARITIME USERS

Key words
Marine research infrastructures, ocean observing, marine data, blue economy
Domain
Marine
Website
www.eurogoos.eu

Contact information
Dina.Eparkhina@eurogoos.eu


EuroGOOS identifies priorities, enhances cooperation and promotes the benefits of operational oceanography to ensure sustained observations are made in Europe’s seas underpinning a suite of fit-for-purpose products and services for marine and maritime end-users.

EuroGOOS is a pan-European network operating within the Global Ocean Observing System of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC GOOS).

INTEGRATION OF EUROPEAN SIMULATION CHAMBERS FOR INVESTIGATING ATMOSPHERIC PROCESSES

Key words
Atmospheric chemistry, simulation chambers, air quality
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.eurochamp.org
Contact information
eurochamp2020@lisa.u-pec.fr


Atmospheric simulation chambers are the most advanced tools for elucidating processes that occur in the atmosphere. They lay the foundations for air quality and climate models and also aid interpretation of field measurements. EUROCHAMP-2020 aims at further integrating the most advanced European atmospheric simulation chambers into a world-class infrastructure for research and innovation.
Measurement techniques and experimental protocols are further developed to facilitate new types of investigations on climate change drivers, impacts of air quality on health and cultural heritage, while also stimulating trans-disciplinary research. Advanced process models are developed for interpretation of chamber experiments and wider use in atmospheric modelling.

THE HEMERA STRATOSPHERIC BALLOON INFRASTRUCTURE

Key words
Scientific Ballooning
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.hemera-h2020.eu

Contact information
info@hemera-h2020.eu


HEMERA is the European Research Infrastructure for scientific ballooning funded from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and Innovation programme under grant agreement No. 730970. It brings together space agencies and space access providers, scientific bodies and industry.
HEMERA provides Trans-National Access to balloon flights and scientific data acquired through balloon flights, strengthens and enlarges the user community and improves ballooning technology and scientific instrumentation.

HEMERA offers a possibility to scientists and users to fly small to medium scientific or technological payloads on stratospheric balloon gondolas and under sounding balloons at no cost. Data acquired in these flights will be made publicly accessible on the HEMERA web portal.

In Service Aircraft for a Global Observing System

Key words
Trace gases, clouds and aerosols, UTLS
Domain
Atmospheric
Website
www.iagos.org


IAGOS implements and operates a global observation system for atmospheric composition, aerosol particles and clouds by deploying autonomous instruments aboard a fleet of passenger aircraft. The European consortium behind IAGOS includes research centres, universities, national weather services, airline operators and aviation industry. IAGOS provides freely accessible data for users in science and policy including air quality forecasting, verification of CO2 emissions and Kyoto monitoring, numerical weather prediction, and validation of satellite products. IAGOS AISBL was founded in January 2014. It is considered a major contributor to the in-situ component of COPERNICUS Services Atmosphere (CAMS) and Climate (C3S) and serves as contributing network to GAW. Coordinating institutions: CNRS Laboratoire d’Aerologie, France; FZJ, Germany; Coordinators: Valerie Thouret (CNRS), Andreas Petzold (FZJ) Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: CNRS, FZJ

STANDARDISED, HIGH-QUALITY & OPEN GREENHOUSE GAS DATA

Key words
Greenhouse gas observations, carbon cycle, standardised measurements, data integration, ERIC
Domain
Multi-domain
Website
www.icos-ri.eu


ICOS RI provides the long-term observations required to understand the present state and predict future behaviour of the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gas emissions. The objectives of ICOS RI are to provide effective access to a single and coherent data set to facilitate research into multi-scale analysis of greenhouse gas emissions, sinks and the processes that determine them, and to provide information, which is profound for research and understanding of regional budgets of greenhouse gas sources and sinks, their human and natural drivers, and the controlling mechanisms. ICOS RI tracks carbon fluxes in Europe and adjacent regions by observing the ecosystems, the atmosphere and the oceans through integrated national station networks, European central facilities and distributes the GHG data to the users via ICOS Carbon Portal. ICOS ERIC was established in November 2015. Coordinating institution: ICOS ERIC, Finland; Coordinator: Werner Kutsch Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: UHEL, FMI, ULUND, UVSQ, CMCC, UiB

BUILDING CAPACITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND MONITORING IN ARCTIC AND NEIGHBOURING ALPINE AND FOREST AREAS

Key words
Access to the Arctic, Observing the Arctic,Terrestrial Research Infrastructure, Terrestrial Arctic
Domain
Terrestrial Ecosystem
Website
eu-interact.org

Contact information
info@hemera-h2020.eu


86 research stations in 16 countries – INTERACT is building capacity for identifying, understanding, predicting and responding to environmental changes.

Creating a circumarctic platform – INTERACT stations work together to provide an efficient platform for coordinated research, monitoring and logistics by sharing experiences and harmonising activities.

Putting scientists in the field – INTERACT provides funding for access to stations throughout the Arctic and is a one-stop-shop for many types of information. 7800 Transnational Access-days are offered at 43 research stations during 2016-2020.

INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE EUROPEAN NETWORK FOR EARTH SYSTEM MODELLING ENES

Key words
Climate modelling, climate change and variability, Earth System, HPC, Data, climate impacts
Domain
Multi-domain
Website
http://is.enes.org

Contact information
sylvie.joussaume@lsce.ipsl.fr


IS-ENES (2 I3 projects, a third phase proposed) integrates the community, fosters model development, facilitates high-end experiments, and ensures dissemination of results.
IS-ENES contributes to the WCRP internationally-coordinated experiments used in IPCC assessments.

IS-ENES services: On models and model environment: support for CMIP5 European models, documentation, help and access. On data: open access to CMIP5 & CORDEX, help for users and providers; platform for impact studies: http://climate4impact.eu/; data and metadata standards, Euro-ESGF.

THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATED INFRASTRUCTURE FOR IN SITU COASTAL OBSERVATION

Key words
Operational, Coastal, Observation, Model, Forecast, Continuous, Quality, Data, European, Multidisciplinary, Integrated, Products, Services
Domain
Marine
Website
www.jerico-ri.eu
Contact information
jerico@ifremer.fr


JERICO-RI is the main provider of high quality continuous operational coastal data for Europe. The data provide validation of coastal satellite data, support operational model forecasting and create a valuable downstream service for SMEs.

JERICO services: Provision of consistent physical-biogeochemical-biological datasets at local and regional scales. Delivery of continuous Essential Coastal Variables adapted to describing complex and coupled coastal processes. Value creation through downstream services for SME’s, educators, policy, forecasting and research

RESHAPING BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM RESEARCH

Key words
Biodiversity, Ecosystem Research, ICT services, Computing, Big Data, Open Data, Open Science, Cloud, Training
Domain
Multi-domain
Website
www.lifewatch.eu


LifeWatch is operating an e-Infrastructure for basic research on biodiversity and ecosystems, but also supports research for the protection, management and sustainable use of biodiversity. The infrastructure includes facilities for data integration and interoperability; capabilities to create workflows of analytical and modelling tools; and a Service Centre providing special services for scientific and policy users, including training and research opportunities for young scientists. Its architecture supports access to and the integration of external resources such as data from associated infrastructures and distributed computational capacity from high performance clusters. User groups may create their own e-laboratories or e-services within the common architecture of the infrastructure. LifeWatch enables distributed large scale and collaborative systems research on biodiversity complexity. LifeWatch ERIC was established in May 2017. Coordinating institution: LifeWatch ERIC, Spain; Coordinator: Jesús Miguel Santamaría Ulecia Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: LifeWatch ERIC

INTEGRATED EUROPEAN LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM CRITICAL ZONE & SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE

Key words
Long-term research, cross-disciplinary, multi-domain, multi-scale, socio-ecology, in-situ
Domain
Biodiversity/Ecosystems
Website
www.lter-europe.net


LTER-Europe (European Long-term Ecosystem Research network of 21 national LTER networks): Comprises about 400 formally acknowledged ecosystem research sites (65% terrestrial, 26% aquatic and 9% transitional waters LTER Sites) and 35 LTSER Platforms for socio-ecological research at the regional scale. The infrastructures are operated by around 100 institutions. LTER-Europe has condensed research sites originally set up in varying contexts, which focus on investigating entire ecosystems. Sites and national networks comply with a site classification reaching from highly instrumented master sites (19%), to regular LTER sites (44%), extensive (24%) and emerging sites (4%). eLTER has applied for inclusion to the ESFRI Roadmap 2018. Coordinating institution: Environment Agency Austria, Austria; Coordinator: Michael Mirtl Representing organisation in ENVRI-FAIR: EAA, BIOSENSE, UKRI-CEH

THE SEADATANET INFRASTRUCTURE FOR MARINE AND OCEAN DATA MANAGEMENT

Key words
standards for metadata and data, formats, vocabularies, software tools
Domain
Marine
Website
www.seadatanet.org
Contact information
sdn-userdesk@seadatanet.org


Active since 2006, it involves more than 110 data centres and it makes available more than 2 million datasets. The SeaDataNet portal offers different services: discovering, visualisation, access and data downloading as well as data products and metadata services. The data provided has a good quality, checked by the data producers, experts in the specific domains and the infrastructure’s information system.

The infrastructure is innovating and improving by means of the SeaDataCloud project. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research Infrastructures programme, under the grant agreement No 730960”.

BUILDING AN OBSERVING SYSTEM TO PROVIDE ADDED VALUE TO EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE IN THE HIGH-ARCTIC

Key words
Earth System Science, distributed RI, data sharing, access to RI, Svalbard, Arctic
Domain
Multi-domain
Website
www.sios-svalbard.org Contact information
information@sios-svalbard.org


The Svalbard integrated Earth observing system (SIOS) is a regional observational system for long term measurements in and around Svalbard addressing Earth System Science questions. SIOS integrates the existing distributed observational infrastructure and coordinates further development of this in order to answer the scientific questions identified. The SIOS Knowledge Center (SIOS-KC) is the central hub of SIOS offering the coordinated services identified by the partners, including integration and optimisation of the observing system, access to the research infrastructure, integration and coordination of data management and coordination of logistical services for scientists. Services are developed by the partners with coordination support from SIOS-KC. Coordinating institution: SIOS Knowledge Center through the legal entity SIOS Svalbard AS (a public limited company); Coordinator: Heikki Lihavainen Representing organisations in ENVRI-FAIR: SIOS Knowledge Center, CNR